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What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a condition of the skin,  it is a common yet poorly understood chronic skin complaint that mainly affects the face. The common symptoms of rosacea are flushing and redness  of the face. People with Rosacea may also experience spots and persistent redness of their skin. The condition in itself has no known affect on the physical health of person but because of the cosmetic appearance can lead to extreme self-consciousness. If Rosacea is untreated the symptoms can progress to a persistent redness and tiny blood vessels become apparent in the cheeks, nose and forehead. If a patient has pimples as often the case with older men they may develop Rhinophyma which is a severe enlargement of the nose.

How common is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a condition that affects women more than men by double the amount. It is also more commonly associated with people with fair-skin and is thought to affect around 1 in 10 people. Whilst Rosacea is more common in women than in men the condition is usually more serious in men. The onset of symptoms of Rosacea usually begins between the ages of 30 and 50.

Causes of Rosacea

The exact causes of Rosacea are not clear but several triggers have been identified that make the symptoms worse including
  • Sunlight
  • Cold weather
  • Stress
  • Alcohol
  • Hot drinks
  • Certain food stuffs
By identifying the triggers of Rosacea the symptoms can be controlled to some extent. Many dermatologists believe that Rosacea can be caused by or significant contributed to by the following
  • Blood vessel abnormalities
  • Demodex folliculorum (microscopic mite) that usually live harmlessly on the skin but found in higher number with people with rosacea.
  • Helicbacter pylori bacteria found in the digestive system  and may stimulate the production of bradykini, know to cause the expansion of blood vessels
  • Genetics Rosacea seems to run in families but it is not yet known which genes are involved


Symptoms of Rosacea

Symptoms of rosacea can vary but there are a number of common symptoms such as
  • Redness
  • Papules and Pustules
  • Visible blood vessels
  • Irritation of the eyes
  • Thickened skin
  • Flushing
Other symptoms of Rosacea can be things such as
  • Burning of stinging of the face
  • Dry of rough skin
  • Facial swelling


By making some changes to lifestyle you maybe able to stop some of the triggers of Rosacea and control some of the symptoms. If this is not sufficient there are creams and gels available to treat the pimples caused by rosacea such as metronodazole and azelic acid. There are also antibiotics that can be prescribe to help reduce the symptoms of Rosacea but one of the most successful treatments for Rosacea is laser treatment.

Laser treatment

Laser treatment for Rosacea is becoming a gold standard in the industry. It is now one of the fastest and most effective treatment options. The use of lasers is a popular method for treating many skin conditions and whilst it is expensive compared to other treatments it is proven to be more effective. To remove visible blood vessels or to reduce extensive redness the 1064nm  laser targets the tiny blood cells just under the skin. Heat from the laser then builds up in the blood vessels causing them to disintegrate. Generally more than one treatment is required depending on the severity of the condition. The 1064 laser can also be used to help reduce the buildup of excessive tissue and the new lasers now minimize the risk of bruising.

will it hurt?

Energy from laser is delivered as pulses and as the light impacts on the skin the sensation is similar to that of a snap of an elastic band. The procedure is only mildly uncomfortable and normally activities can usually be resumed immediately except exposure to sunlight.

Pricing structure

The price for treatment of Rosacea will vary from clinic to clinic but you an expect to pay around
£200 for a full face treatment
£100 for treatment of the cheeks
£100 for treatment of the nose
£175 for treatment of the cheeks, chin and nose
£150 for treatment of the cheeks and nose
Below is a treatment video for Rosacea with the 1064nm Fotona laser system
If you are a clinician wanting to offer this treatment and want further advice and information